(Present Perfect and Simple Past – Part 2)
— Just (= a short time ago/ a pouco tempo atrás)
Usamos “just” com o “present perfect” ou o “simple past”
A: Are Mary and Martha in the building?
B: Yes, they‘ve just arrived. or Yes, they just arrived.
A: Are you thirsty?
B: No, I‘ve just had water. or I just had water.
A: Is Ronald home?
B: Sorry, he‘s just left. or Sorry, he just left.
— Already (= before you expected / before I expected / antes do esperado)
Usamos already com o “present perfect” ou o “simple past”.
A: What are your children coming?
B: They‘ve already arrived. or They already arrived.
A: It’s only 6 P.M., and Peter has already gone to bed. or Peter already went to bed.
A: Diane, this is Paul.
B: Yes, I know. We‘ve already met. or We already met.
— yet (= until now / até agora)
Usamos yet com o “present perfect” ou o “simple past”. Usamos yet nas frases negativas (I havn’t … yet) e interrogativas (Have you … yet?). Yet é usado normalmente no final da frase.
yet en frases negativas
A: Are your students here?
B: No, they haven’t arrived yet. or No, they didn’t arrive yet. (mas B: está esperando que eles cheguem breve.)
A: Does Paul know that you’re going home?
B: No, I haven’t told him yet. or No, I didn’t tell him yet. (mas B: irá falar para ele breve.)
Brenda bought a new house, but she hasn’t moved in yet. or but she didn’t move in yet.
yet em frases interrogativas
A: Have your daughters arrived yet? or Did your daughters arrive yet?
B: No, not yet. We’re still waiting for them.
A: Have you started your new course yet? or Did you start you new course yet?
B: No, I’m starting it next month.
A: This is my new jacket.
B: Oh, it’s pretty. Have you worn it yet? or Did you wear it yet?